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    經典Academic Essay寫作方法(附Academic Essay范文一篇)

    日期:2021年01月16日 編輯:ad200904242025371901 作者:www.51lunwen.com 點擊次數:419
    論文價格:免費 論文編號:lw202101151754273993 論文字數:2257 所屬欄目:essay寫作
    論文地區:其他 論文語種:中文 論文用途:碩士課程論文 Master Assignment

    由于疫情的原因,很多本該2020年9月入學的學生,都被學校delay到了2021年年初,小編的好幾個學生也是這樣,最近在家積極預習,希望能在入學后盡快融入到英語學習氛圍當中,不掉隊。那么作為即將入學的準留學生,大部分應該都考過雅思托福,對Essay都不會太陌生,但是雅思考試寫Essay相對于即將面臨的專業Academic Essay還是略有不同。Academic Essay是某類科學領域,在廣泛現有知識的基礎上,對某一問題進行論述,闡明自己的新觀點,利用已有的材料(知識),闡述自己的新見解。那么學生們想要把一篇Academic Essay寫好就必須先對于它的結構有一個清晰的了解和認識。

    經典Academic Essay寫作

    一般來說Academic Essay的結構分為4個部分:Introduction,Body, Conclusion, Reference。

    1. Introduction:

    Introduction的作用是讓教授或者讀者對將要讀到的這篇Essay有個清晰的認識,分為三部分: 第一部分用Topic句子引出你將要寫的這篇論文主題。第二部分,提供一些與該主題相關的背景,或給出統計數據來顯示該主題的重要性,或提供該主題相關重要性的例子。第三部分起到承上啟下的作用。在看完Introduction后,教授對你將要呈現出的essay是有個大致預判的,而不是在看完Introduction后還一頭霧水不知道你這篇想寫什么。Introduction字數一般占全文的10-15%左右即可。宗旨:簡單陳述主題以及重要性,縮小主題范圍,讓讀者大致你了解將要寫的內容。

    2. Body:

    這是論文主體部分,占總字數70-80%左右。如果教授布置的作業做了具體要求,就根據作業提到的幾個方面來逐一討論就可以。如果作業沒有作具體要求,就根據自己的構思來寫,但必須有邏輯性而且圍繞著Topic,緊扣主題。一般提出2-3個不同的論點(可根據論文字數要求增減),逐一進行每個論點單獨分析,提供論據。這也意味著Body部分在2-3個段落左右,段落與段落的論點不同,所以段落之間要有過渡句,保持連貫性。每個單獨的段落都是獨立,即包含第一句的Topic和最后一句的結尾總結,以及中間的主體句子和支撐的論點論據,因此每個段落最好不要少于四個句子。那么在幾個段落的順序安排方面,加上合適的過渡詞語(句),最好還有一定的邏輯性。值得注意的是一個段落有且只有一個主要觀點,學術論文講究清晰明了,不要太復雜,讓讀者不知道你想表達的觀點到底是哪個,混淆、復雜、不易理解都是Academic Essay的大忌。宗旨:越簡單易懂、清晰明了越好。如果你還不知道要寫多少,要分幾個論點,請一定及時和教授溝通。


    3. Conclusion:

    Conclusion放在文章的最后其實就是對整篇Essay的總結,用總結性的簡潔語言復述以上這篇論文的觀點,你所要表達的東西,再次亮明你的主題。其字數大概占10-15%。宗旨:總結復述本篇論文的中心思想,Body中沒有提及的新的論點,千萬不要在Conclusion 中提及。

    4. Reference:



    下面是一篇優秀的Academic Essay范文賞析:

    It can be said that a growing trend of overconsumption, particularly in Western industrialised nations is rising considerably. This phenomena extends to a wide range of goods and products which at one time were built to be repaired and reused, but now deemed too expensive to do so, are simply tossed aside to make way for a brand new version of themselves. Also, it can be said that in these same developed nations especially, individuals consume and purchase far too many products, which are all too quickly consumed and not re-used, repaired nor recycled and after their usefulness has passed, are simply discarded or sent to landfill refuse sites. The overconsumption of goods and products therefore is seen as one of many common problems arising in the 21st Century and will continue to be ever more problematic until action is taken. As populations rise and become more affluent and developed, the consumption of goods and natural resources generally tend to grow exponentially and in many cases unsustainably leading to serious consequences.http://guanli.51lunwenwang.com/ This essay will therefore discuss some of the main reasons for why overconsumption has become a worrying issue and a detrimental trend in the modern world. Also, possible strategies in which to reduce this growing epidemic in the future will be outlined and explored.

    The reasons for overconsumption in modern developed societies could be said to be somewhat complex and not only linked to many countries’ greater affluence but also to satisfy individuals’ personal needs. Bourdieu (1984) states that in modern society, consumer patterns and buying behaviour represent an individual’s way of expressing the particular group to which they identify with in society. However, it could be stated that the main reasons for this increasing trend tend to be linked to industrially developed and developing societies of nations generally becoming more affluent; as well as the rise of modern machinery which can produce goods cheaper and more efficiently than ever before. A further factor could also be outlined in that a globalised economy is helping to buy and exchange goods on an immense international scale; which is further enhanced through global internet trading and increased economies of scale in modern manufacturing. Consequently, it can be deduced that it is mainly these phenomena which are driving the over consumption of goods in modern day society. Pape et al. (2011, p. 26) state that‘overconsumption in industrialised countries still presents major challenges to achieving sustaina